Voices from Russia

Monday, 1 September 2014

Dr A A Brish: “I Wasn’t Afraid to Create the First Atomic Bomb”

tsar-bomba

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Editor:

There is much irresponsible talk, especially by rightwing nutters, that the USSR “stole” the atomic bomb. That’s ludicrous. Russia’s always been one of the scientific and mathematical powerhouses in the world. It took the Americans 44 months to develop an A-bomb (December 1941 to July 1945); the USSR took 50 months (June 1945 to August 1949)… the timeframes are similar… the urgency behind both were similar… the two countries had equal prowess in mathematics, physics, and engineering. Bear this in mind… the USSR could copy the B-29 for series production without blueprints (and converting from American measurements to metric, to boot) in less than two years, a feat possible only because the USSR had engineers equal in skill to their American colleagues. It was likewise with “the bomb”. Anglo Americans are spoilt juvenile brats who think themselves the crème de la crème of the world. Such isn’t so…

By the way, during the VOV, A A Brish was a partizan fighting the fascist occupiers in Minsk… he was NOT a coward like Willy Romney, Rush Limbaugh, Paul Ryan, or Bill O’Reilly… he served, and served with honour. A man well-worth attending to, I’d say…

BMD

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On 29 August 1949, the USSR exploded its first atomic bomb in Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan. It was code-named “First Lightning” by Soviet scientists and “Joe 1” (after Joseph Stalin) by the Americans. To test the bomb’s destructive capacity, engineers built houses, bridges, and even a metro line. The explosion was 50 percent more destructive than initially planned. This took the world by surprise, because the Soviet nuclear development programme was a well-kept secret for nearly 10 years. The USA reacted with President Truman’s announcement that he was aware of the nuclear explosion in the USSR. From that moment on, the Cold War shifted towards a balance of power. On the eve of the 65th anniversary of “First Lightning”, Rossiya Segodnya met with one of the bomb’s creators, Dr A А Brish, a renowned Russian nuclear weapons engineer. Brish told us about Stalin, nuclear myths, and why you can’t steal a bomb.

Rossiya Segodnya

Arkady Adamovich, what significance does 29 August 1949 actually have in world history?

A A Brish

On that very day, we proved that we had the ability to create our own nuclear weapons and were able to break the monopoly of the USA, which was planning to attack our country with atomic bombs. Thus, we excluded the mere possibility of a unilateral and punitive nuclear war. Because of that, we’re still able to preserve the postwar peace. However, I should specify that it was an atomic detonation with an automatic control, put on a tower, without the body of a bomb. Therefore, it wasn’t a full-bodied nuclear weapon.

RS

Our first atomic explosive was made in the shortest time-frame, in a country left half-ruined after the war. How on Earth was it possible?

Brish

It was really a surprise. It was a real miracle, as our industry was devastated. Millions of people were killed. Our leadership displayed true courage, will, and talent, gathering outstanding experts and leaders who were able to develop an atomic bomb in the shortest time-frame possible, as they gave us all the necessary resources. We were really pressed for time. If we were late, the Americans could’ve used their nuclear weapons against us. (By the time of the First Lightning test, the USA had already dropped two bombs on Japan: Rossiya Segodnya) It was really a stroke of luck that Stalin appointed the then-young I V Kurchatov as scientific research director. Kurchatov was the one who recruited all the scientific staff for the atomic bomb project. He also suggested Yu B Khariton for the post of chief designer of the first Soviet atomic bomb. The development of its own nuclear weapons was undoubtedly a great feat for Russia.

RS

Quite often, one hears that our intelligence agents simply “stole” the bomb from the USA and thus the major role in the development of our atomic weapons belongs to intelligence agents and not to scientists.

Brish

This isn’t true. People who simply don’t understand what they’re talking about say that. What could it possibly mean to “steal” a bomb? One might get some documents, which would be meaningless in and of themselves. You need high-profile experts, technology, and a separate branch of industry to implement them, and it involves much work. Experts, who understand how complicated technical systems are developed, have no doubt about it. By the way, the claim that we only developed our atomic weapon thanks to our intelligence agents first emerged in the USA in 1950, shortly after the exposure of Klaus Fuchs… a participant in the American nuclear programme, who voluntarily supplied our intelligence community with information about his work. Later, American journalists and some American scientists claimed that, with the help of its intelligence agents, the USSR not only obtained the secret of atomic bomb development, but the hydrogen bomb as well. Thus, the USA could provide an easy explanation for the outstanding success of Soviet scientists.

However, our scientists do give credit to our intelligence community. The information they provided was of particular importance at the initial stage of our atomic project, up to 1945. That data forced the leadership of our country to give special attention to the development of the atomic bomb for the nation and inspired scientists such as N N Semyonov, Yu B Khariton, and Ya B Zeldovich, who had already achieved substantial success in nuclear research before the war. In 1945, however, the USA published a book, Atomic Energy for Military Purposes, where it openly described the process of how the USA developed the atomic bomb. The people who made the decision to publish that book were absolutely convinced that we wouldn’t be able to develop our own atomic bomb quickly. Nevertheless, they were wrong. They didn’t take into account that we had outstanding scientists. Regardless of all the military losses, our country managed to preserve its powerful scientific and technological potential.         

Those who talk about the alleged “theft” of the bomb don’t take into account the historic and political connotations. We needed to demonstrate as soon as possible that we also possessed atomic weapons. It was all about the safety of our motherland and not a question of technical priorities. One can’t say that our first atomic detonation was a full copy of the American one. Thanks to the intelligence, we only knew its scheme, which didn’t need a blueprint. Our experts worked out all the engineering and technical documentation for the development of an atomic charge using that scheme. By mid-1949, we had conducted our own scientific and technical engineering studies for the development of our own innovative atomic bomb, but the leadership made the decision to use a charge developed using the American scheme for its first test. It was justified… at that time, a war with the USA could have broken out at any moment. To test our own innovative construction would’ve meant we increased the risk of an unsuccessful test. We couldn’t afford that. However, already by 1951, during the second test, we used a charge for an atomic bomb fully developed by our scientists. It was twice as powerful and twice as light as the one developed using the American scheme.  Soviet scientists placed the utmost priority on the development of the first transportable hydrogen bomb, which we successfully tested in the USSR on 12 August 1953. At that time, the US didn’t have anything even remotely similar, and American scientists admitted that.

RS

There is a myth (which, like any myth, does not have any documented confirmation), that the Soviet scientists who worked on the bomb received honours for their achievement based on the penalties they would’ve suffered had the test failed. Those who would have faced the death penalty if the bomb failed to detonate received the order of Heroes of Socialist Labour and those who would’ve merely been imprisoned received different orders and slightly less prestigious awards. Allegedly, that was the decision of L P Beriya, who oversaw the atomic project, who struck fear in the hearts of the scientists.

Brish

There was no fear! Rather, there was an extreme sense of responsibility and an urge to defend the Motherland. As for Beriya, he was an outstanding organiser, and he did a lot for the development of our nuclear weapons. We should always keep this in mind when talking about that work.

RS

Work… is it the most important aspect of your life?

Brish

When you develop new nuclear weapons with unique characteristics, it captivates you; you need to prove that it’s going to work. I’m a devoted person who’s easily carried away, but my most important occupation has been the development of a weapon that would defend our country. This inspired me to devote my whole life to all the issues that I’ve worked on. We couldn’t let any country use nuclear weapons with total impunity. Now, I’m eager to live on, to be able to pass the knowledge I have to younger generations, and the feeling of personal responsibility for the results of this work, which was always a hallmark of the atomic scientists of my generation.

29 August 2014

Rossiya Segodnya

http://en.ria.ru/interview/20140829/192449869/Dr-Arkady-Brish-I-Was-Not-Afraid-to-Create-the-First-Atomic-Bomb.html

Thursday, 28 August 2014

Borodai: “The Disintegration of the Ukrainian State is Absolutely Inevitable from the Standpoint of History and Philosophy”

00 Igor Kolga. The Ukrainian Government. 2014

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In an interview with Gazeta.ru published Thursday, former Chairman of the DNR Government A Yu Borodai said, “The disintegration of the Ukrainian state is absolutely inevitable from the standpoint of history and philosophy. Actually, this state happens to be a buffer zone between the Russian World and the West. The question always was, ‘On what side does the Ukraine belong?’ It’s either the eastern edge of the Western World… or the western edge of Russia. We shouldn’t take the term “edge” as disparaging, as we may call Vladivostok, for example, the eastern edge of Russia. Historically, the Ukraine was a crossroads of mentalities and religions. The multiple political shake-ups that the Ukraine went through after the fall of USSR seriously affected its economy and its people’s moral state, as corruption became ubiquitous. Independent existence is impossible, especially given the sad condition that it‘s been in for the last 23 years”.

28 August 2014

Rossiya Segodnya

http://en.ria.ru/world/20140828/192416835/Disintegration-of-Ukraine-Inevitable—Former-Donetsk-Prime.html

Wednesday, 27 August 2014

27 August 2014. WHERE IS YULIYA?

00 the fate of ukie tyrants. 27.08.14

Thus always to tyrants!

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I sent this to a friend on 25 August:

I’ve noticed that Yuliya is nowhere to be seen. NOWHERE. She’s not even circulating in Western circles. This, for me, is the clearest sign that the “Ukraine” is in trouble. She’s been the “face” of the zapadniki in the Ukraine up till now… after her release from gaol, she just disappeared. The individual who’s taken the most flak over the situation is V V Putin, many blame him for not intervening. He’s NOT popular in some circles in Novorossiya. However, his game is more subtle than that. He sees that the West WANTED him to intervene… to have an excuse to intervene themselves. By not intervening, he forestalled a Western intervention. Note well that France ISN’T embargoing the Mistrals. That is, VVP is willing to be hated to execute policy… which speaks well of him. In any case, I think that Russia IS aiding Novorossiya… why is Strelkov in Moscow, for instance? Remember, Russia called reservists to the colours, something not normally done. Something IS up… remember, G K Zhukov didn’t strike until he was ready, even though the fascists were at the gates of Moscow and were almost at the Volga (in 1941 and 1942). V V Putin is of like manner… however, it does mean that he’ll be hated in some quarters in the near term. Things ARE up… but what? I admit that I don’t know…

Couple this with VVP’s statement Tuesday that any settlement would have to include the DNR/LNR leadership, one can see that Putin’s NOT ready to sell Novorossiya out to the West. What IS up is anyone’s guess… not only do I don’t know, neither do the Western intel agencies. Stay tuned, it bids fair to be “interesting”…

BMD

Monday, 25 August 2014

25 Sic Semper Tyrannis… Patriots Topple Bandera’s Tombstone

00 Bandera grave attacked. 25.08.14

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It’s only fair… S A Bandera was a man, who in life, was a murderer and criminal who stopped at nothing… does it surprise you that such generated revenge? Reflect on this… the UGKTs BLESSES his memory… it BLESSES the memory of the Galician SS VOLUNTEERS… it BLESSES those who fought in Nazi collaborationist units. One hardly knows who might’ve done it… the Poles, Russians, Roma, and Jews had no use for him at all, and many leftist Ukrainians feel the same way. It could’ve been any of ‘em.

Sic semper tyranis!

BMD

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