Every year, 2 April is World Autism Awareness Day. Autism, which for a long time doctors knew almost nothing, at last, has ceased to be a mystery to mankind. Amongst other things, experts managed to convey to the public the importance of early diagnosis of juvenile autism. Autism is a lifelong developmental disability that manifests itself during the first three years of life; it results from a neurological disorder that influences cerebral functioning. Autism affects mainly children, regardless of gender, race, or socioeconomic status. Autism is characterised by abnormalities in social communication and problems with verbal and nonverbal communication. The behaviour of children with autism demonstrates rigid stereotyping… from elementary repetitive movements (shaking hands or jumping) to complex ritualistic actions that are often destructive (aggression, self-harm, screaming, negativity). Early diagnosis of autism and appropriate assessment and treatment are vital for a child’s continued growth and personality development. Usually, specialists treat children with autism using an individualised programme of psychological therapy.
3 April 2013