Voices from Russia

Monday, 1 September 2014

Dr A A Brish: “I Wasn’t Afraid to Create the First Atomic Bomb”

tsar-bomba

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Editor:

There is much irresponsible talk, especially by rightwing nutters, that the USSR “stole” the atomic bomb. That’s ludicrous. Russia’s always been one of the scientific and mathematical powerhouses in the world. It took the Americans 44 months to develop an A-bomb (December 1941 to July 1945); the USSR took 50 months (June 1945 to August 1949)… the timeframes are similar… the urgency behind both were similar… the two countries had equal prowess in mathematics, physics, and engineering. Bear this in mind… the USSR could copy the B-29 for series production without blueprints (and converting from American measurements to metric, to boot) in less than two years, a feat possible only because the USSR had engineers equal in skill to their American colleagues. It was likewise with “the bomb”. Anglo Americans are spoilt juvenile brats who think themselves the crème de la crème of the world. Such isn’t so…

By the way, during the VOV, A A Brish was a partizan fighting the fascist occupiers in Minsk… he was NOT a coward like Willy Romney, Rush Limbaugh, Paul Ryan, or Bill O’Reilly… he served, and served with honour. A man well-worth attending to, I’d say…

BMD

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On 29 August 1949, the USSR exploded its first atomic bomb in Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan. It was code-named “First Lightning” by Soviet scientists and “Joe 1” (after Joseph Stalin) by the Americans. To test the bomb’s destructive capacity, engineers built houses, bridges, and even a metro line. The explosion was 50 percent more destructive than initially planned. This took the world by surprise, because the Soviet nuclear development programme was a well-kept secret for nearly 10 years. The USA reacted with President Truman’s announcement that he was aware of the nuclear explosion in the USSR. From that moment on, the Cold War shifted towards a balance of power. On the eve of the 65th anniversary of “First Lightning”, Rossiya Segodnya met with one of the bomb’s creators, Dr A А Brish, a renowned Russian nuclear weapons engineer. Brish told us about Stalin, nuclear myths, and why you can’t steal a bomb.

Rossiya Segodnya

Arkady Adamovich, what significance does 29 August 1949 actually have in world history?

A A Brish

On that very day, we proved that we had the ability to create our own nuclear weapons and were able to break the monopoly of the USA, which was planning to attack our country with atomic bombs. Thus, we excluded the mere possibility of a unilateral and punitive nuclear war. Because of that, we’re still able to preserve the postwar peace. However, I should specify that it was an atomic detonation with an automatic control, put on a tower, without the body of a bomb. Therefore, it wasn’t a full-bodied nuclear weapon.

RS

Our first atomic explosive was made in the shortest time-frame, in a country left half-ruined after the war. How on Earth was it possible?

Brish

It was really a surprise. It was a real miracle, as our industry was devastated. Millions of people were killed. Our leadership displayed true courage, will, and talent, gathering outstanding experts and leaders who were able to develop an atomic bomb in the shortest time-frame possible, as they gave us all the necessary resources. We were really pressed for time. If we were late, the Americans could’ve used their nuclear weapons against us. (By the time of the First Lightning test, the USA had already dropped two bombs on Japan: Rossiya Segodnya) It was really a stroke of luck that Stalin appointed the then-young I V Kurchatov as scientific research director. Kurchatov was the one who recruited all the scientific staff for the atomic bomb project. He also suggested Yu B Khariton for the post of chief designer of the first Soviet atomic bomb. The development of its own nuclear weapons was undoubtedly a great feat for Russia.

RS

Quite often, one hears that our intelligence agents simply “stole” the bomb from the USA and thus the major role in the development of our atomic weapons belongs to intelligence agents and not to scientists.

Brish

This isn’t true. People who simply don’t understand what they’re talking about say that. What could it possibly mean to “steal” a bomb? One might get some documents, which would be meaningless in and of themselves. You need high-profile experts, technology, and a separate branch of industry to implement them, and it involves much work. Experts, who understand how complicated technical systems are developed, have no doubt about it. By the way, the claim that we only developed our atomic weapon thanks to our intelligence agents first emerged in the USA in 1950, shortly after the exposure of Klaus Fuchs… a participant in the American nuclear programme, who voluntarily supplied our intelligence community with information about his work. Later, American journalists and some American scientists claimed that, with the help of its intelligence agents, the USSR not only obtained the secret of atomic bomb development, but the hydrogen bomb as well. Thus, the USA could provide an easy explanation for the outstanding success of Soviet scientists.

However, our scientists do give credit to our intelligence community. The information they provided was of particular importance at the initial stage of our atomic project, up to 1945. That data forced the leadership of our country to give special attention to the development of the atomic bomb for the nation and inspired scientists such as N N Semyonov, Yu B Khariton, and Ya B Zeldovich, who had already achieved substantial success in nuclear research before the war. In 1945, however, the USA published a book, Atomic Energy for Military Purposes, where it openly described the process of how the USA developed the atomic bomb. The people who made the decision to publish that book were absolutely convinced that we wouldn’t be able to develop our own atomic bomb quickly. Nevertheless, they were wrong. They didn’t take into account that we had outstanding scientists. Regardless of all the military losses, our country managed to preserve its powerful scientific and technological potential.         

Those who talk about the alleged “theft” of the bomb don’t take into account the historic and political connotations. We needed to demonstrate as soon as possible that we also possessed atomic weapons. It was all about the safety of our motherland and not a question of technical priorities. One can’t say that our first atomic detonation was a full copy of the American one. Thanks to the intelligence, we only knew its scheme, which didn’t need a blueprint. Our experts worked out all the engineering and technical documentation for the development of an atomic charge using that scheme. By mid-1949, we had conducted our own scientific and technical engineering studies for the development of our own innovative atomic bomb, but the leadership made the decision to use a charge developed using the American scheme for its first test. It was justified… at that time, a war with the USA could have broken out at any moment. To test our own innovative construction would’ve meant we increased the risk of an unsuccessful test. We couldn’t afford that. However, already by 1951, during the second test, we used a charge for an atomic bomb fully developed by our scientists. It was twice as powerful and twice as light as the one developed using the American scheme.  Soviet scientists placed the utmost priority on the development of the first transportable hydrogen bomb, which we successfully tested in the USSR on 12 August 1953. At that time, the US didn’t have anything even remotely similar, and American scientists admitted that.

RS

There is a myth (which, like any myth, does not have any documented confirmation), that the Soviet scientists who worked on the bomb received honours for their achievement based on the penalties they would’ve suffered had the test failed. Those who would have faced the death penalty if the bomb failed to detonate received the order of Heroes of Socialist Labour and those who would’ve merely been imprisoned received different orders and slightly less prestigious awards. Allegedly, that was the decision of L P Beriya, who oversaw the atomic project, who struck fear in the hearts of the scientists.

Brish

There was no fear! Rather, there was an extreme sense of responsibility and an urge to defend the Motherland. As for Beria, he was an outstanding organiser, and he did a lot for the development of our nuclear weapons. We should always keep this in mind when talking about that work.

RS

Work… is it the most important aspect of your life?

Brish

When you develop new nuclear weapons with unique characteristics, it captivates you; you need to prove that it’s going to work. I’m a devoted person who’s easily carried away, but my most important occupation has been the development of a weapon that would defend our country. This inspired me to devote my whole life to all the issues that I’ve worked on. We couldn’t let any country use nuclear weapons with total impunity. Now, I’m eager to live on, to be able to pass the knowledge I have to younger generations, and the feeling of personal responsibility for the results of this work, which was always a hallmark of the atomic scientists of my generation.

29 August 2014

Rossiya Segodnya

http://en.ria.ru/interview/20140829/192449869/Dr-Arkady-Brish-I-Was-Not-Afraid-to-Create-the-First-Atomic-Bomb.html

Wednesday, 27 August 2014

Rusins in Favour of Union of Veliki Rus, Malorossiya, Belorossiya, and Red Rus… Rusin Battalion Joins the Colours Under the LNR

00 St Iov Ugolsky of Podkarpatskaya Rus. 27.08.14

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Editor’s Note:

This was translated “as is”… as one should. The statement that Yanukovich recognised the Rusins was in the Russian original (Таковым при Януковиче их признала даже Украина.), which anyone can check for themselves. ‘Nuff said!

BMD

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On 23 August, the LNR raised the first national unit of the opolchenie, the St Iov Ugolsky Rusin Battalion. It commemorates St Iov Ugolsky (Ivan Petrovich Kundrya), a famous Rusin missionary and veteran of the VOV. The battalion enrolled Rusin volunteers from Podkarpatskaya Rus, Pryashevshchina (Slovakia), Lemkovshchina (Poland), and Hungary. It has 387 personnel, commanded by Yu A Yantso.

Rusins are the fourth Russo-Slavic people, in whose veins runs Russian blood, who keep an untrammelled sense of Russianness. Rusins are living witnesses of a united and undivided ancient people. Rusins live in Red Rus… in Podkarpatskaya Rus, Eastern Slovakia, the Serbian Vojvodina, southeastern Poland, Hungary, and northwestern Romania. In some countries, they’re a recognised ethnic minority. Under V F Yanukovich, even the Ukraine recognised them. The Rusins consider themselves an integral part of the Russian ethnos. Before the revolution, the Rusins considered and called themselves Russian; the word “Rusyn” (“Ruthenian”) is a Polish neologism, it’s a Latinised designation for “Russian”.

The Rusin language is closer to Russian than it is to Ukrainian. The part of Red Rus now in the Ukraine is only the part of it that was under Czechoslovakia before World War II. The Rusins wanted to be the 17th Union Republic of the USSR (there were 16 Union Republics then, as the Karelo-Finnish SSR was a separate Union Republic), but the Centre considered Podkarpatskaya Rus too small to be a full Union Republic. When the Ukrainian authorities took over in Podkarpatskaya, they began to propagate the Galician dialect, often miscalled the “Ukrainian language” in the West. Rusins are in favour of uniting Velikaya Rus, Malorossiya, Belorossiya, and Red Rus in a single state. Pryashevshchina in Red Rus now belongs to Slovakia and the Lemkovshchina is part of Poland, where Rusins live under conditions of outright cultural genocide, as they did in the days of Józef Piłsudski (and all the other White Poles) and the Polish People’s Republic. For a long time, Rusins used Church Slavonic as a literary language (even up to the 19th century), which greatly influenced the spoken language. A V Dukhnovich laid down the fundamentals of the Rusin literary language, publishing a primer and grammar, but the Hungarian authorities arrested him and persecuted him for doing so.

26 August 2014

Anaga.ru

http://anaga.ru/rusinskij-batallion.html

Monday, 25 August 2014

25 Sic Semper Tyrannis… Patriots Topple Bandera’s Tombstone

00 Bandera grave attacked. 25.08.14

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It’s only fair… S A Bandera was a man, who in life, was a murderer and criminal who stopped at nothing… does it surprise you that such generated revenge? Reflect on this… the UGKTs BLESSES his memory… it BLESSES the memory of the Galician SS VOLUNTEERS… it BLESSES those who fought in Nazi collaborationist units. One hardly knows who might’ve done it… the Poles, Russians, Roma, and Jews had no use for him at all, and many leftist Ukrainians feel the same way. It could’ve been any of ‘em.

Sic semper tyranis!

BMD

The Ukraine Had Every Opportunity to Become Rich

00 Who are the Banderovtsy. 25.08.14

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In the USSR, the Ukrainian SSR was one of the most successful republics. It combined a highly developed industry like the Baltic States with wealth similar to that of Transcaucasia. If considered apart from the Soviet Union, its industrial potential and natural resources put it in the first rank in Eastern Europe. Its prospects were the envy of any republic of the former Union. Yet, it so happened that independence turned into a social disaster. The Ukraine hasn’t even been able to restore economic performance to 1990 levels, dropping to a level with Armenia and Tajikistan.

Since independence, the Ukrainian population declined by almost 10 million. A third of the population lives below the poverty line. The economy imploded due to crony capitalistic oligarchic feudalism of unbelievable proportions. Showdowns of Dnepropetrovsk and Donetsk oligarchs degenerated into petty feudal bickering, overshadowing any potential for economic growth. The Ukrainian economy rested on four pillars. Timoshenko destroyed agribusiness, when she signed accession to the WTO on onerous terms. The iron and steel industry is now in a shambles, but that’s a worldwide phenomenon. The chemical industry is in about the same predicament. However, the machine-building industry, which could’ve been an engine of economic growth, decayed. This was due to the intimate ties that such works had with Russian enterprises; independence deprived them of the chance to develop and coöperate closely, which would’ve generated growth and earnings. Regions of the Ukraine are still potentially very rich; the Donbass mines are unique in that they’d be profitable with the right management. However, coal mining in its present form isn’t profitable; it only survives on sweat-shop labour.

ONLY THE NUMBERS

✔ 42.9 million people live in the Ukraine

✔ 9.3 percent unemployment in first quarter/2014

✔ 272 USD (9,830 Roubles. 293 AUD. 299 CAD. 206 Euros. 164 UK Pounds) is the average monthly salary

✔ 19 percent is the inflation target for 2014

✔ 151 billion USD (5.46 trillion Roubles. AUD. 165.8 billion CAD. 114.5 billion Euros. 91.1 billion UK Pounds) external debt of the Ukraine in 2014 (forecast)

✔ 4.7 percent decrease in GDP in second quarter/2014 compared to the same period in 2013

Ukrainian Ministry of Finance data 

25 August 2014

Mikhail Delyagin

Director of the Institute of Globalization

Komsomolskaya Pravda

http://msk.kp.ru/daily/26273.7/3150612/

Editor:

The Galician fascists had 23 years to prove their thesis. They’ve ruined a once-rich country. I often get the feeling that was the West’s intent all along… it knew that the Ukraine would go back to Russia, so, it encouraged trends that would knacker it, and cause Russia to be held back for a generation to rebuild it.

Don’t get smug… the US Republican Party favours policies IDENTICAL to those of the oligarch junta in the Ukraine. It wants to smash its boot into the faces of the poorest, just as the Ukrainian junta does (with the BLESSING of the UGKTs and the schismatics, I might add). The blood and gore doesn’t bother Poroshenko, Balogh, the Rabbit, Turdchinov, and Avakov, and certainly not Mizz Yuliya and Shylock Kolomoisky. Look at it and reflect… that’s what the US Republican Party (or the UK/Canadian Conservative or Australian Liberal Parties) want to do.

Look at what happened in the Ukraine. It was a New Dark Age… and it ain’t over yet. Let’s not have it here…

BMD

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