Voices from Russia

Thursday, 23 August 2012

23 August 2012. RIA-Novosti Infographics. History of the Russian State Flag


Russian Flag Day was established by presidential decree in 1994. In a move that seems natural to the eyes of modern Russians, the “tricolour” displaced the Soviet red flag during the August coup three years earlier. On 22 August 1991, President Boris Yeltsin approved the pre-revolutionary white-blue-red flag as the national flag of the new Russia.

The colours that became symbolic of the Russian Federation appeared for the first time in the state flag back in 1668. The so-called “flag of the king of Moscovy” was raised aboard the first Russian warship of Western design, the Oryol, built under Tsar Aleksei Mikhailovich. Later, his son, Tsar Pyotr Veliki, adopted the “tricolour” as a state flag, standardising it according to the colours flown on the 12-gun warship Svatoy Pyotr, which sailed on the White Sea. The main symbol of the country, in one form or another, maintained this white-blue-red configuration until 1858. Tsar Aleksandr Nikolayevich made significant changes to the appearance of the flag; he used the heraldic colours of the Romanov Dynasty… black, yellow, and white… for the state banner. During the socialist era, the state flag became a red banner, up to 1923 it bore the golden letters “RSFSR” (in the Cyrillic alphabet), and, after that, it had a golden hammer and sickle with a five-pointed star.

22 August 2012




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