Voices from Russia

Sunday, 29 October 2017

Xi Seeking “Rich, Democratic, Modernised Socialist China”

Filed under: China,politics,Uncategorized — 01varvara @ 00.00
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Andrei Karneyev, deputy head of the Institute of Asia and Africa at Moscow State University, told us that whilst it demonstrated commitment to a policy of openness, the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) placed emphasis on people’s ever-growing needs for a better life, ecology, deep reforms, and law-based governance. He commented on the Resolution of the 19th National Congress of the (CPC), which took place in Beijing between 18 to 24 October 2017.

Policy of Openness

He said:

The Chinese leadership will continue to act in the world arena within the framework of openness, regardless of the difficulties [it faces] in the way of globalisation and emerging anti-globalist and protectionist bias in some countries. China is an important participant in the international system, contributing to world development through its ability to provide dynamic economic development whilst maintaining internal social-political stability. However, new phrases such as “great cause”, “great struggle”, “great dreams”, and “great project” appeared in the Congress’s resolutions.

“Large-Scale Processes Within CPC”

Karneyev highlighted:

These formulations indicate that complex and large-scale processes are taking place within the [CCP]. After Xi Jinping came to power in 2012, he launched an unprecedented anti-corruption campaign. The fight against corruption intended to clear [CPC] ranks of those who abused their power and authority.

Xi’s sweeping anti-corruption efforts saw about 1.34 million grassroots-level officials, as well as tens of thousands of high-ranking officials, punished. However, many criticised the policy, arguing that Xi targeted his political opponents, including former security chief Zhou Yongkang, politician Bo Xilai, and Lin Jihua, an aide to former Chinese president Hu Jintao. Yet, according to Karneyev:

By solving the corruption problem and improving executive discipline at all levels, the country’s leadership is seeking to boost the CPC’s ability to manage an increasingly complex Chinese society. Therefore, one of the 14 points that form the CPC’s basic policy aimed at developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era is to uphold absolute Party leadership over the people’s forces.

Rule of Law

Karneyev suggested:

President Xi announced the establishment of a government group aimed at maintaining a law-based state and creating verification mechanisms to ensure that the decisions made by state bodies comply with the country’s constitution. Apparently, China will soon create a controlling body… a State committee for supervision.

One of the Congress resolutions emphasised:

We must uphold the authority and centralised unified leadership of the Party Central Committee, closely follow the Party political line, strictly observe political discipline and rules, and closely align ourselves with the Central Committee in terms of political stance, direction, principle, and path.

Karneyev pointed up:

The CPC congress also focused attention on the need to redistribute power between the centre and local governments and announced other important initiatives in the sphere of public administration. They follow the same logic adhered to during the anti-corruption campaign… to boost the role of the state and to make management more efficient and transparent. Xi and his team [took these steps] to implement a new package of economic and social reforms that’d turn China into a rich, powerful, democratic, harmonious, civilised, and modernised socialist state by the middle of the 21st century.

Speaking to us on Thursday, Ding Xueliang, a political analyst and a social science professor at Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, reiterated that President Xi seeks to consolidate his power, but faces opposition from some CPC members.

“Moderately-Prosperous Society in All Respects”

Karneyev noted:

The CPC regards the principal contradiction in Chinese society as being between unbalanced and inadequate development against the people’s ever-growing needs for a better life, whilst proclaiming the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects. Previously, party documents put an emphasis on contradictions between the material needs of the Chinese people and the relative underdevelopment of productive forces. Additionally, the new vision highlights the importance of harmony between mankind and nature. What’s more, the document promised the CPC’s adherence to a people-centred approach.

A Congress resolution stated:

With this, [China] can be better placed to meet the ever-growing economic, political, cultural, social, and ecological needs of our people, and to promote well-rounded human development and all-round social progress.

Karneyev observed:

The 19th Congress of the CPC was an important event, both for China and for its international partners. It met most expectations surrounding the forum’s political course and decisions. Xi’s report both summed up the results of the party’s work over the past five years and formulated new ideas and approaches for new conditions. Additionally, the Congress pledged to modernise the country’s armed forces to make them a world-class army and voiced its commitment to implementing the One Belt, One Road (OBOR) project. Following the final day of the congress, Xi introduced five new members of the Politburo Standing Committee (PBSC), but he evaded naming his potential successor.

26 October 2017

Sputnik International


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