This is obviously from a Russian’s hand and badly translated. I couldn’t trace down the original, so, I repaired it, as I found some of the ideas in this important. Reflect on this… most Russians think POSITIVELY of the USSR… you find such positive thinking MORE in Church circles than in Western-leaning circles. Potapov’s viciousness in his recent uncalled-for outburst on the ROCOR official website is probably because the people he backs in the former USSR (pro-American greedsters) are losing, and losing badly. Read this as a guide to what Russians really think of the USSR…
The Soviet Union disintegrated 22 years back, on 26 December 1991. It’s broadly accepted outside the former USSR that Soviet people longed for this, that they loathed Stalin as a disgusting dictator, that the USSR’s communist economy never met expectations, and that the people of the former USSR favour the life they have today under an industrialist economy to what, in the hectic rhetoric of Western columnists, legislators, and historians, was the harsh oppressive rule of a one-party state directing a sclerotic, creaky, and unworkable communist economy. None of these assertions is valid.
Myth 1: The USSR had No Popular Support
On 17 March 1991, nine months prior to the USSR’s destruction, Soviets went to the polls to vote on a proposal that asked whether they wanted to save the USSR. More than 75 percent voted “yes”. Far from favouring the union’s dissolution, most Soviet citizens wanted to safeguard it. 
Myth 2: Russians Hate Stalin
In 2009, Rossiya, a Russian TV station, surveyed more than 50 million Russians to discover who they thought were the best-ever Russians. Grand Prince Aleksandr Nevsky, who repulsed a Western attack on Russia in the 13th century, topped the list. Second place went to Pyotr Stolypin, who served as minister to Tsar Nikolai II. In third place, behind Stolypin by just 5,500 votes, was I V Stalin, a man who Western sources routinely portray as a merciless despot with the blood of many millions on his hands.  Of course, the West attacks him, since the corporate grandees who control the West’s ideological agenda hate him. However, Russians have an alternate perspective… one that refutes the idea that Stalin oppressed Russians. In a May/June 2004 Outside Undertakings article, (Flight from Flexibility: What Russians Think and Need), hostile to Stalin, Harvard historian Richard Pipes referred to a survey that asked Russians to name the 10 most influential people ever. The survey wanted to know about noteworthy figures of any nation, not simply Russians. Stalin came fourth, behind [incomprehensible], Lenin, and Pushkin… much to Pipes’ aggravation. 
Myth 3: Soviet Socialism Didn’t Work
If this survey is truthful, then, free enterprise, by any measure, is an undeniable disappointment. From its beginning in 1928, to the time when it fell in 1989, Soviet communism never, except the years of World War II, fell into depression or neglected to give full employment.  What industrialist economy has ever unremittingly, without fail, given employment to all, over a more than 56-year compass (when the Soviet economy was communist and the nation was at peace, 1928-41 and 1946-89)? Additionally, the Soviet economy rose quicker than industrialist economies that were at an equivalent level of monetary advancement when Stalin started the initial five-year plan in 1928… and speedier than the US economy through a significant part of the communist economy’s existence.  To be sure, the Soviet economy never surpassed the developed modern economies of the industrialist centre, but it began the race further back; unlike Western nations, it didn’t have a history of subjection, colonial loot, and monetarist government, and it was the object of Western, particularly American, endeavours to harm it. Especially harmful to Soviet economic advancement was the need of diverting civilian production to military production to meet the Western military threat. The Cold War arms race, which the USSR waged against a luckier adversary, not state ownership, and not central planning, kept the communist economy from surpassing the developed modern economies of the industrialist West.  However, notwithstanding the West’s unflagging endeavours to knacker it, the Soviet communist economy created positive development in every peacetime year of its existence, giving a secure existence to all. Which entrepreneur economy can claim a similar achievement?
Myth 4: Now that They’ve Experienced it, Citizens of the Former USSR Prefer Capitalism
Actually, they favour Soviet state planning, that is, communism. Asked in a survey what financial framework they support, Russians replied :
- State planning and distribution, 58 percent
- Private property and distribution, 28 percent
- Hard to say, 14 percent
Pipes cited a poll in which 72 percent of Russians “said they wanted to restrict private economic initiative”. 
Myth 5: 22 Years Later, Citizens of the Former Soviet USSR See the USSR’s Demise as More Beneficial than Harmful
Wrong once more. As indicated by a Gallup survey, for each citizen of 11 former Soviet republics, including Russia, the Ukraine, and Belarus, who thought that the USSR’s dissolution helped their nation, two think it hurt. What’s more, those 45-years-old and over are the most convinced that the dissolution was destructive, that is, those who knew the Soviet system best.  As per another survey referred to by Pipes, 75 percent of Russians regretted the USSR’s destruction … not what you’d expect from those supposedly rescued from an abusive state and a faltering economy.
Myth 6: Citizens of the Former USSR are Better off Today
Certainly, some are. However, have most people benefitted? Given that most incline towards the previous communist ideology than to the present industrialist one, and most believe that the USSR’s dissolution accomplished more mischief than good, we may deduce that most aren’t in an ideal situation… or possibly, that they don’t see themselves as such. In a paper in the prestigious English medical journal, The Lancet, psychologist David Stuckler and restorative specialist Martin McKee demonstrated that the move to private enterprise in the previous USSR engendered a sharp drop in life expectancy, and “just a bit over 50 percent of ex-Communist nations recovered their pre-transition life expectancy levels”. Male life expectancy in Russia, for instance, was 67 years in 1985, under socialism. In 2007, it was under 60 years. Life expectancy shrank about five years between 1991 and 1994.  The move to free enterprise, then, delivered innumerable unexpected losses… and keeps on delivering a higher death rate than likely under the communist system. A recent report by Shirley Ciresto and Howard Waitzkin, in World Bank information, found that the communist economies of the Soviet bloc created greater results on measures of physical satisfaction, including life expectancy, newborn child mortality, and food intake, than did industrialist economies at the same level of monetary advancement, and comparable to entrepreneur economies at a larger amount of improvement. . As respects the move from a one-party state to a multi-party popular government, Pipes focused on a survey that demonstrated that Russians view the vote-based system as a fraud. More than 75 percent think, “majority-rule government is a front for a legislature controlled by rich and powerful cliques”.  Who said that Russians aren’t sensible?
Myth 7: If Citizens of the Former USSR Really Wanted to Return to Socialism, They’d Vote It In
Only if it were so straightforward! Industrialist systems have organisations that arrange situations that suit business people, which safeguards against threats to the system. Obamacare aside, the USA doesn’t have a full social safety net. Why not? As indicated by surveys, most Americans want it. Anyway, why don’t they simply vote it in? The answer, obviously, is that there are effective industrialist cabals, chiefly private insurance circles, which use money and contacts to fashion situations that constrict such movements. The social orders who own and control the economy use their money and contacts with leadership elements to plead for benefits for their class and to resist benefits for the masses. Michael Parenti wrote, “Capitalism isn’t just an economic system, but an entire social order. Once it takes hold, you can’t vote it out of existence by electing socialists or communists. They may occupy office, but the wealth of the nation, the basic property relations, organic law, financial system, and debt structure, along with the national media, police power, and state institutions have all been fundamentally restructured”. 
A Russian return to communism is more apt to occur the way it did the first time, through unrest, not elections… unrest doesn’t happen unless people want a superior system to the one they have now. Unrest occurs when you can’t go on in the old way… Russians haven’t come to the point where life as it is today is no longer possible. Interestingly, a 2003 survey asked Russians how they’d respond if the Communists seized power. About one-quarter would cheer the new government, one in five would be active supporters, 27 percent would acknowledge it, 16 percent would want to emigrate, and just 10 percent would oppose it. As such, for each Russian who’d resist a communist takeover, more than four would cheer it or take part in it, and three would acknowledge it …not what you’d expect, since they told you that Russians were happy to get out from underneath the boot of socialism.
Thus, those who knew the USSR first-hand lament the USSR’s passing (but not Western columnists, legislators, and historians, who knew Soviet communism through the lens of their industrialist belief system). Now that they’ve had more than twenty years of multi-party popular government, private enterprise, and a business economy, Russians don’t think this the miracle that Western politicians and media pundits make it out to be. Most Russians want a return to the Soviet state ownership, that is, to communism.
Obviously, it isn’t amazing that anti-Soviet perspectives have hegemonic status in the industrialist centre. The USSR gets beaten up by pretty much everybody in the West… by Trotskyists, because Stalin made the USSR under his (and not their man’s) rule, by social democrats, because the Soviets opted for transformation and rejected free enterprise, by entrepreneurs, for clear reasons, and by the media (controlled by business elements) and the schools (business elements impact their curricula, ideological agenda, and political and monetary exploitation). Along these lines, we shouldn’t be surprised that communism’s political foes celebrate the USSR’s destruction; they present a perspective of the USSR inconsistent with what those on the ground truly experienced, what the communist economy truly accomplished, and what those denied of communism truly need.
1.”Referendum on the Preservation of the USSR”, RIA Novosti, 2001, http://en.ria.ru/infographics/20110313/162959645.html
2. Guy Gavriel Kay, “The Greatest Russians of All Time?” The Globe and Mail (Toronto), 10 January 2009.
3. Richard Pipes, “Flight from Freedom: What Russians Think and Want”, Foreign Affairs, May/June 2004.
4. Robert C. Allen. Farm to Factory: A Reinterpretation of the Soviet Industrial Revolution, Princeton University Press, 2003. David Kotz and Fred Weir. Revolution From Above: The Demise of the Soviet System, Routledge, 1997.
5. Allen; Kotz and Weir.
6. Stephen Gowans, “Do Publicly Owned, Planned Economies Work?” What’s Left, 21 December 2012.
7. “Russia Nw”, in The Washington Post, 25 March 2009.
9. Neli Espova and Julie Ray, “Former Soviet Countries See More Harm from Breakup”, Gallup, 19 December 2013, http://www.gallup.com/poll/166538/former-soviet-countries-harm-breakup.aspx
11. Judy Dempsey, “Study looks at mortality in post-Soviet era”, The New York Times, 16 January 2009.
12. Shirley Ceresto and Howard Waitzkin, “Economic Development, Political-Economic System, and the Physical Quality of Life”, American Journal of Public Health, June 1986, Vol. 76, No. 6.
14. Michael Parenti, Blackshirts & Reds: Rational Fascism and the Overthrow of Communism, City Light Books, 1997, p. 119.
15. Pipes.Top of Form
27 May 2015
Emily Nashoba Dykes